red belt – signifies danger, cautioning to student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away.
black belt – opposite to white and therefore signifying maturity and proficiency in Taekwon-do. It is also a sign of thestudent’s imperviousness to darkness and fear.
closed ready stance ‘C’ – moa chunbi sogi ‘C’
vertical stance – soojik sogi
palm pushing block – sonbadak miro makgi
upward punch – ollyo jirugi
knifehand downward strike – sonkal naeryo taerigi
side elbow thrust – yop palkup tulgi
inner forearm side-front block – an palmok yopap makgi
high turning kick – nopundae dollyo chagi
Hwa-Rang – 29 movements
Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.