• red belt – signifies danger, cautioning to student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away.
  • black belt – opposite to white and therefore signifying maturity and proficiency in Taekwon-do. It is also a sign of thestudent’s imperviousness to darkness and fear.


  • closed ready stance ‘C’ – moa chunbi sogi ‘C’
  • vertical stance – soojik sogi

Hand techniques:

  • palm pushing block – sonbadak miro makgi
  • upward punch – ollyo jirugi
  • knifehand downward strike – sonkal naeryo taerigi
  • side elbow thrust – yop palkup tulgi
  • inner forearm side-front block – an palmok yopap makgi

Foot techniques:

  • high turning kick – nopundae dollyo chagi

Pattern information:

  • Hwa-Rang – 29 movements
  • Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.

Helpful videos: