• 1-step sparring – ilbo matsogi
  • blue belt – signifies the heaven to which the plant grows into a towering tree, as training in Taekwon-do progresses.
  • red belt – signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away.


  • closed ready stance ‘B’ – moa chunbi sogi ‘B’
  • rear foot stance – dwit bal sogi
  • low stance – nachuo sogi

Hand techniques:

  • reverse knifehand block – sonkal dung makgi
  • upward palm block – ollyo sonbadak makgi
  • upper elbow strike – wi palkup taerigi
  • twin vertical punch – sang sewo jirugi
  • twin upset punch – sang dwijibo jirugi
  • x-fist rising block – kyocha joomuk chookyo makgi
  • palm pressing block – sonbadak noollo makgi
  • angle punch – giokja jirugi
  • u-shape block – digutja makgi

Pattern information:

  • Joong-Gun – 32 movements
  • Joong-Gun is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn’s age when he was executed in a Lui-Shung prison (1910).

Helpful videos: